Pruning is to trim a tree, scrub or bush by cutting away dead or overgrown branches or stems, especially to encourage growth.
Sometimes pruning is used as preventive measure to obtain space for new seedling or growth.
Timing is everything when planning to prune your trees and scrubs because some plants are pruned after flowering, where others are best pruned during winter. For instance, decorative flora need to be pruned directly after flower and Herbaceous plants are pruned after every growing season.
Some delicate flora requires specialised pruning techniques to avoid causing any damage to the plant.